Chris Busch

Director of Research

Chris Busch is Energy Innovation’s Research Director. He leads the firm’s California climate policy and is an expert in energy modeling and carbon pricing policy.

Chris works to spread awareness of California’s climate accomplishments and policy innovations. In 2016, the state reached its 2020 economy-wide target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels four years early without economic sacrifice, growing income two times faster and jobs 50 percent faster than national averages. His recent work has focused on developing a California version of EI’s Energy Policy Simulator to support achievement of the state’s 2030 goal, aiming for a 40 percent reduction below 1990 emissions.

His prior research shed light on the oversupply of carbon allowances in the Western Climate Initiative carbon market linking California and Quebec.  The cap-and-trade program underpinning this market is the best designed in the world, but emission reduction success, principally due to factors other than carbon pricing, has created a surplus of permits.  Cap recalibrations as other emissions reduction programs are carried out will increase the likelihood the program delivers reductions California’s Air Resources Board is counting on to achieve the 2030 target.

Prior to Energy Innovation, Chris was Policy Director for the BlueGreen Alliance, where he testified before the U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee’s Power and Energy Subcommittee.  As Climate Economist for the Union of Concerned Scientists he was appointed to California’s Economic and Technology Advancement Advisory Committee.  He also worked as a Senior Research Associate at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Chris holds a PhD in environmental economics from the University of California, Berkeley; he has been quoted major publications such as the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and the Wall Street Journal; and he has been published in peer-reviewed journals such as Energy Policy, Land Economics, and the Electricity Journal.

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Works by Chris Busch

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CBC Interview On Ontario Carbon Market Withdrawal

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California Hits 2020 Emissions Reduction Goal Two Years Ahead Of Schedule

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California Is Cutting Greenhouse Gases, But Not From Cars. Can That Change?

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Huzzah! California Hits Emissions Target 4 Years Early

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State Emissions Reach Milestone - 1990 Levels

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California Slashes Emissions, Hits Major Greenhouse Gas Goal Years Early

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Will Ontario's Carbon Market Withdrawal Harm The Western Climate Initiative? No, Says Price Rebound.

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Ontario Ready To Pull Out Of Carbon Market, Leaving California In Limbo

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Reactions To Ontario’s Swift Exit From WCI, Cap-And-Trade

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Consignment Auctioning of Carbon Allowances in Cap-and-Trade Program Design

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China's All In On Electric Vehicles: Here's How That Will Accelerate Sales In Other Nations.

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WCI Auction Sells Out Again, With Results Bucking Analyst Predictions

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Checking The Math On Cap And Trade, Some Experts Say It’s Not Adding Up

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California Braces For Potential Ontario Departure From Market

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No One Wins In A War Over Ending Clean Car Policies

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First Tripartite WCI Auction Sells Out At Slight Premium To Floor Price

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Western Climate Initiative Cap-And-Trade Auction Nets Record Sales, But Raises Long-Term Concerns

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Is Cap And Trade The Climate Solution? The Jury's Still Out

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Transportation And Climate Policy In California

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No Longer Termed A 'Failure,' California's Cap-And-Trade Program Faces A New Critique: Is It Too Successful?

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California’s Climate Fight Gets Harder Soon, And The Big Culprit Is Cars

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Analyzing the Likely Impact of Oversupply on California’s Carbon Market Must Consider State’s 2030 Emissions Goal and Potential for Clean Tech Breakthroughs

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Climate Change Conundrum

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There's A Glut Of Carbon Allowances. Is That A Big Deal?

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California’s Carbon Cap Is Not In Jeopardy, Because It’s Not Really A Cap

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The Bloomberg 50

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A Landmark California Climate Program Enjoys New Opportunities

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California Wants More Than 4.2 Million Electric Vehicles By 2030. A New Plan Charts The Road Ahead.

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State Faces 'Giant' Questions About Slashing Emissions

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Slash WCI’s Future Emissions Caps By Market’s 2020 Allowance Surplus, Urges California Think-Tank

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A Landmark California Climate Program Needs A Tuneup

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Oversupply Grows In The Western Climate Initiative Carbon Market

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Analysts Worry California Climate Change Program Is Doing Too Well

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Final California-Quebec Carbon Auction Of 2017 Sells Out At Huge Premium Despite Heftier Supply

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California Cap-And-Trade Auction Sets Record Price

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California Cap-And-Trade Auction Sells Out At Record Price, Most Allowances Ever Sold In One Auction

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Emissions Fall Under California's Cap-And-Trade Program

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Emissions Fell Last Year. That's Good News For Gov. Brown

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California Considers A Ban On Gasoline And Diesel Car Sales. Can It Work?

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California Lawmaker Aims To Ban Gasoline Car Sales

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California, Quebec, Ontario Ink Deal to Join Carbon Markets

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Carbon Market For Sustainable Growth

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California Cap-And-Trade Extension To Boost Auctions

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Last Week’s, Remaining WCI Auctions Through 2020 To Sell Out, Analyst Predicts

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California Cap-And-Trade Program Gets A Shot In The Arm With Strong Permit Auction Results

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California Pollution Permits Sell At Highest Price Ever

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Banner Quarter For Cap-And-Trade Program, After Lawmakers Extend It

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Nearly $1 Billion In Pollution Permits Fly Off Shelf In California Auction

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California Sees Strong Results From Cap-And-Trade Auction After Program Extension

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California Auction Raises $640 Million for Greenhouse Gas Fund

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California’s Cap-and-Trade Program Gets Boost From Sold-Out Auction

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Brown Signs Cap And Trade Extension, Schwarzenegger Blasts Trump

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For Experts, California Carbon Market Extension May Bring More Questions Than Answers

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Will You End Up Paying More For Gas Under California’s Cap-And-Trade Extension?

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California Lawmakers Send 10-Year Carbon Trading Extension to Governor

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Ahead Of The Vote, The Environmental And Fiscal Impacts Of Extending CA’s Cap-And-Trade

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California's Cap-And-Trade Compromise Is A Big Step Forward, Not A Win For Polluters

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California Lawmakers Aim For Cap-And-Trade Vote Next Week

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Greens see oil industry fingerprints on climate legislation

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Cap-and-trade key to green energy future

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Governor Brown wades into California cap-and-trade debate with new draft proposals

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Cities: Making the smart choice for people and businesses

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China-California Climate Cooperation: A New Model For States, Nations In The Trump Era

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California Cap-and-Trade: A Success in Disguise

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Q&A: Price floor key to California auction results

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California climate program has struggled. Why the billion-dollar rebound?

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California sees a rebound in cap-and-trade auction, bolstering key climate change program

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The Power Of Fundamentals: Why CA's Carbon Allowance Auction Will Rebound

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NACW 2017 - North American Carbon Market Forecast

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Brown heading to China to promote climate policies

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California governor wants cap-and-trade deal by June

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Linking Ontario to the Western Climate Initiative

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Offset providers say new carbon-pricing bill is 'horrific'

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Demand Falls In First 2017 California-Quebec Cap-and-Trade Auction, But Set To Rise Through 2020

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Recalibrating California's Cap-and-Trade Program To Account For Oversupply

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Carbon Prices Rise In California's Cap-And-Trade Program As Legal Certainty Grows

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California’s power to trump climate denial

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Viewpoint: CCA market set to recover, if it survives

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Demand for carbon allowances rebounds in latest auction

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What California’s History-Making Climate Laws Mean For Emissions Policy

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What California's Ambitious Climate Bills Mean for Policy

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California’s history-making new laws and what they mean for climate policy

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5 things you need to know about California's new climate change legislation

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Future uncertain over cap-and-trade auctions

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COMMENT: California’s cap-and-trade program – the crisis that wasn’t

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Planeación Urbana Sustenable Para la Ciudad de Mexico

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Climate and Energy Policy Solutions for China: Executive Summary

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The goal of cap-and-trade is to fight climate change, not raise tax revenue

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California’s Cap and Trade Law Is a Success

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Climate Policy for the Real World

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Solutions to SF housing, transit problems may be found in Brazil

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Look to California for Greener Urban Growth

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Cities: Making the smart choice for people and businesses

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Readers React: How smart growth in cities can boost public transit

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How Sustainable Cities Can Drive Business Growth

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Smart Growth Can Cure California’s Congestion Crisis

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California’s International Model For Climate Success

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The California Climate and Clean Energy Policy Story

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12 Green Guidelines

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Green & Smart Urban Development Guidelines

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Moving California Forward - Full Report

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A Mobility Plan in Los Angeles

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How Smart Growth Puts California on the Path to 2030 Climate Success

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Moving California Forward - Summary for Policymakers

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The Good News About Higher California Carbon Prices

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Cities for People: Insights from the Data

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Cutting California Emissions by 40 Percent: A Blueprint for Climate Leadership

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Charting California's Carbon Course

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Target 2030: Top Four Climate Policy Recommendations for California

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在城市规划中掘金 (The Profit Potential of Getting the Urban Fabric Right)

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Cities for People in Practice

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The Mystery of the Missing Methane

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States Take National Lead in Regulating Fracking (Op-Ed)

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Urbanization Can Actually Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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China Must Avoid Overreliance on Cars

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Superblocks: Why China Must Embrace Mass Transit

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Natural Gas versus Coal: Is Natural Gas Better for the Climate?

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California Jobs Rise With Green Energy

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Getting Cities Right in China

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Clean Air and Sustainable Cities in China

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Frack or Fiction

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Superblocks: Why China Must Embrace Mass Transit

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The Mystery of the Missing Methane

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Carbon-Free Prosperity in California: Policies for Success

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California's Climate Endgame

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How Your Life Might Change If California Goes 'Carbon Neutral' To Fight Climate Change

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How Do Ambitious Climate Pledges Impact Economic Growth? For Insight, Compare Texas And California.

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Getting To Net Zero In California, For Everything