Teaching the Duck to Fly: Second Edition

This report is an update to a 2014 analysis that shows how grid managers can address the so-called “duck curve” caused by high penetrations of solar and wind power. A “flying duck” refers to shifting the late-afternoon and morning peaks to decrease the need for fast-ramping resources. The report outlines 10 strategies, including demand response, storage, time-variant rates, and retiring inflexible generators with high minimum run requirements.