Modeling EPA’s Clean Power Plan: Insights for Cost-Effective Implementation

This report examines six modeling studies of EPA’s proposed Clean Power Plan, comparing estimated impacts on power costs and the structure of the power sector. These studies all predict the Clean Power Plan will lead to a decline in power generation and coal production. Though they also estimate no growth in renewables and nuclear beyond the business-as-usual scenarios, the studies do highlight the role of energy efficiency in minimizing cost impacts.