Location, location, location: The variable value of renewable energy and demand-side efficiency resources

This study demonstrates how location influences the carbon emissions benefits of renewable energy in different regions, and at different times of the day. The study incorporates the emissions intensity of the wholesale market as well as the resource potential in each state, and finds that solar subsidies are higher than the carbon benefits in the states examined, but wind subsidies are less than the carbon benefits in many regions. The study finds that energy efficiency is still the cheapest form of carbon reduction available in the electricity sector.