21st Century Electric Distribution System Operations

This paper discusses the electric industry’s transition into an Integrated Distributed Electricity System, a term that refers to the increased decentralization and localization of its energy sources and operating decisions. The authors describe this type of system as a mix of centralized and distributed resources that are owned and controlled by a range of public and private parties. Transmission system operators (TSO) and distribution system operators (DSO) will continue to be responsible for maintaining distributed reliability in the electricity system. The paper concludes with a development roadmap for integrated electric system operations, breaking out different tracks for operational design and research; pilot projects; and policy, business, and regulation.