Urban Sustainability: China Urbanization

← Back to Library

Green & Smart Urban Development Guidelines

CDBC’s Green and Smart Urban Development Guidelines highlight the key design features that make for a healthy, prosperous, and vibrant city. Energy Innovation, in partnership with China Development Bank Capital (CDBC) and Energy Foundation, developed these guidelines to provide a foundation for sustainable urban growth in China. The Guidelines include a variety of materials: 12 Green Guidelines, Six Smart Guidelines, and two comprehensive case studies exemplifying these sustainable urban design features in the real world.

12 Green Guidelines

12 Green Guidelines lays out a dozen key features that constitute sustainable cities. These guidelines fall into three key categories: urban form, transportation, and energy and resources. These guidelines are beneficial, measurable, and practical, and they concisely describe the foundations of sustainable urban development. This report defines each of these guidelines; provides a rationale; explains the key economic, environmental, and social benefits; provides a brief case study; and lists key best practices for optimal implementation.

Six Smart Guidelines

Six Smart Guidelines highlights a series of smart technologies that cities can use to improve livability and comfort, as well as advance sustainable urban development. When done in addition to the 12 Green Guidelines, smart technologies can capture additional economic, environmental, and social benefits. The Smart Guidelines fall into six key categories: smart telecommunications, smart mobility, smart energy management, smart governance, smart public services, and smart safety.

Case Study: The Pearl District

The Pearl District in Portland, Oregon is a model for why CDBC’s Green and Smart Urban Development Guidelines are key to economically prosperous and sustainable urban development. The Pearl District is a world-renowned urban redevelopment project. This case study reveals the regulatory, technical, and financial elements that bolster the guidelines.

Case Study: Hammarby Sjostad

This case study provides a comprehensive look at the sustainable urban development process of Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm. The study is organized around each of the Green Guidelines and expands on the goals, processes, and mechanisms that made Hammarby Sjöstad a sustainable and economically prosperous urban development.

Chinese transport: achievements and challenges of transport policies

This introduction the the journal, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (volume 20, issue 5), describes current trends in China’s transportation sector, primarily the increased use of motor vehicles as a result of sprawling and car-focused urban development. Motor vehicles have increased China’s traffic congestion and air pollution. This introduction mentions the subsequent articles in the journal that cover solutions for cleaner and more efficient Chinese transport, including urban development, transport planning, vehicle fuel efficiency standards, vehicle emission standards, and electric drive technology.

Quantitative Insights into Urban Form and Transport Solutions

This report compiles the research from a number of studies and organizes their findings based on The 8 Principles, introduced in Planning Cities for People. The report focuses on the quantifiable economic, environmental, and social impacts of sustainable urban form and transportation in cities, with an emphasis on studies based in China. The literature review finds that urban design in accordance with The 8 Principles leads to high-quality, low-carbon cities that are characterized by people-friendly street networks, compact and mixed-use neighborhoods, and transit-oriented development.

Clean Air and Sustainable Cities in China

As China’s urban population continues to expand, it becomes increasingly important that cities are built with sustainability in mind. This piece discusses best practices for these cities, including walkability, mixed-use development, and high-quality public transit. These urban planning components make cities more comfortable, as well as healthier, for its citizens.

Getting Cities Right in China

This paper, written for the Paulson Institute, describes the trend of China’s rapidly urbanizing population. It outlines the benefits of smart urbanization, including quality of life, community, access and mobility, prosperity, and reductions in pollution, noise, and global warming. It provides six ingredients for successful urbanization: permeable urban form, transit-centered transportation with walking and biking, effective building codes, municipal finance reform, better measures of urban sustainability, and a strengthened planning process.

Superblocks: Why China Must Embrace Mass Transit

China has already suffered through the world’s worst traffic jam, which was 60 miles long and lasted for 11 days, and its cities have developed a reputation for terrible traffic congestion. At the same time, China’s cities are usually crisscrossed by huge avenues and highways. How can such big streets become so easily clogged? This piece explains why big streets lead to bigger traffic jams, and how Bus Rapid Transit can be a solution to road congestion.

← Back to Library