This report provides insight into which climate and energy policies can most cost-effectively drive down China’s emissions. The report’s recommendations are based on results from the Energy Policy Simulator (EPS), which assesses the combined effects of 35 climate, energy, and environmental policies on a variety of metrics.
Data and Statistics: China Data
A Model of Energy Policy Impacts on Pollutant Emissions, Costs, and Social Benefits Developed for China’s Central Government
This paper describes Energy Innovation’s Energy Policy Simulator, a system dynamics model that assists in selecting policies that will allow China to achieve its emissions reduction goals. The model’s results find that China can peak its carbon emissions before its target year of 2030, and this is done most cost-effectively via a package of policies supporting a diverse set of technologies.
This report provides data on China’s carbon emissions from 1950 to 2012. Within the last decade, China has become the world’s largest emitter of carbon dioxide. The report discusses trends of China’s carbon emissions in 1950-2012; per capita carbon emissions and emissions intensity; regional disparity of China’s carbon emissions; and emissions embodied in international trade. It concludes with a description of its methodology for calculations used in the report.
This report synthesizes data gathered during a literature review of studies that quantify the economic, environmental, and social impacts associated with urban development. It concludes that compact, walkable, and transit-oriented development creates sustainable, healthy, and economically vibrant cities. The elements of urban design necessary for sustainable development are characterized by The 8 Principles, which are originally defined in Planning Cities for People.
This study determines the technical and economic feasibility of incorporating a high share of renewable energy in China’s energy sector. It finds that 60% of the country’s primary energy demand, and 86% of its power supply, can come from renewable energy by 2050. A Chinese version of the Executive Summary can be found here.
This paper, part of a series of Paulson Papers on Energy and Environment provides an overview and examination of China’s energy structure. It assesses some of China’s energy challenges and the existing proposals to reshape its energy landscape through 2020. The paper frames the relationship between China’s energy sector and economic growth, highlighting the uncertainty of how a more consumption-driven Chinese economy will impact the country’s energy future.
This databook provides detailed statistics on China’s energy use and emissions. It describes China’s energy sector in the context of its supply, transformation, consumption, prices, emissions, and economic indicators. The final section offers a comparison of China’s energy sector to international cases. The databook is quantitatively-driven, and mostly includes graphs and charts rather than written text.
This brief provides a qualitative and quantitative analysis on China’s energy sectors. The first section provides background information about China’s overall energy demand and consumption. Subsequent sections are categorized by energy type – oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Within each section, the brief covers exploration, production, consumption, pricing, among other topics. The electricity section is broken down further by energy sources – total fossil fuels, hydroelectric and other renewables, and nuclear. Data within the brief come from EIA’s Overview Data for China.
The China Energy Databook is a comprehensive compilation of China’s energy and environmental statistics. Much of the data in the Databook has come from primary sources, namely the China Statistical Yearbook. The Databook is divided into two parts; the first part is a database of national and provincial energy balances including energy sector end-use tables, and the second part is composed of hundreds of tables and figures organized into ten chapters. Data can be found in both Microsoft Excel or PDF format.
This report from the China Energy Group at LBNL develops a “China Energy Outlook” (supply, demand, etc.) through 2050. The authors used LBNL’s China End-Use Energy Model to estimate energy demand, efficiency improvements, etc. in multiple scenarios. Sectors studied include residential, commercial, and industrial energy demand, transportation, generation (fossil and renewables), and extraction (mining, drilling, refining, etc.). The authors project that CO2 emissions will peak in 2030 and energy use in 2040 due to China’s emissions and energy intensity reduction targets and a slowing of population growth and urbanization. Includes many graphs.